Saturday, April 27, 2024

Ramanujan Explained - Lecture 2 - May 2, 2024, 4:00 PM- 5:00 PM IST

 Dear all,

Sunday, April 14, 2024

Ramanujan Explained - Lecture 1 - April 18, 2024, 4:00 PM- 5:00 PM IST

 Dear all,

Sunday, March 31, 2024

Alexandru Pascadi (Mathematical Institute, Oxford) -- Thursday, Apr 4, 2024 - 4:00 PM (IST)

Dear all,

The next talk is by Alexandru Pascadi of the University of Oxford. The announcement is as follows. 

Talk Announcement: 

Title:  The dispersion method and beyond: from primes to exceptional Maass forms
Speaker:  Alexandru Pascadi (Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford)
When: April 4, 2024, 4:00 PM- 5:00 PM IST (11:30 AM BST)

Where: Zoom: Write to the organisers for the link

The dispersion method has found an impressive number of applications in analytic number theory, from bounded gaps between primes to the greatest prime factors of quadratic polynomials. The method requires bounding certain exponential sums, using deep inputs from algebraic geometry, the spectral theory of GL2 automorphic forms, and GLn automorphic L-functions. We'll give a broad outline of this process, which combines various types of number theory; time permitting, we'll also discuss the key ideas behind some new results.

Saturday, March 16, 2024

Gaurav Bhatnagar (Ashoka University) -- Thursday, Mar 21, 2024 - 4:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

The next talk is by Gaurav Bhatnagar of Ashoka University. The announcement is as follows. 

Talk Announcement: 

Title:  Elliptic enumeration and identities
Speaker:  Gaurav Bhatnagar (Ashoka University)
When: Mar 21, 2024, 4:00 PM- 5:00 PM IST 

Where: Zoom: Please write to the organisers for the link.
Live LInk:


Many of the ideas of $q$-counting and $q$-hypergeometrics are now being extended to the elliptic case. The approach is not very far from the $q$-case. In this talk, we show several examples to illustrate this idea. First we extend some Fibonacci identities using combinatorial methods. Many such identities can be found by telescoping, so we next use telescoping to find elliptic extensions of elementary identities such as the sum of the first  odd or even numbers, the geometric sum and the sum of the first  cubes. In the course of our study, we obtained an identity with many parameters, which appears to be new even in the $q$-case. Finally, we introduce elliptic hypergeometric series and give an extension of some important identities of Liu. As applications, we find 5 double summations and 4 new elliptic transformation formulas. Again, these are new in the $q$-hypergeometric case, where the nome $p$ is 0. 

This is a report of joint work with Archna Kumari and Michael Schlosser. 

Saturday, March 2, 2024

Shivani Goel (IIIT, Delhi) - Thursday, Mar 7, 2024 - 4:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

The next talk is by Shivani Goel, of the Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Delhi. The announcement is as follows. 

Talk Announcement: 

Title:  Distribution and applications of Ramanujan sums
Speaker:  Shivani Goel (IIIT, Delhi)
When: Mar 7, 2024, 4:00 PM- 5:00 PM IST 

Where: Zoom: Ask the organisers for the link.
Live LInk:

While studying the trigonometric series expansion of certain arithmetic functions, Ramanujan, in 1918, defined a sum of the $n^{th}$ power of the primitive $q^{th}$ roots of unity and denoted it as $c_q(n)$. These sums are now known as Ramanujan sums.

Our focus lies in the distribution of Ramanujan sums. One way to study distribution is via moments of averages. Chan and Kumchev initially considered this problem. They estimated the first and second moments of Ramanujan sums.  Building upon their work, we extend the estimation of the moments of Ramanujan sums for cases where $k\ge 3$.  Apart from this, We derive a limit formula for higher convolutions of Ramanujan sums to give a heuristic derivation of the Hardy-Littlewood formula for the number of prime $k$-tuplets less than $x$. 

Monday, February 19, 2024

Pedro Ribeiro (Porto, Portugal) - Thursday, Feb 22, 2024 - 4:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

Tuesday, February 6, 2024

Arvind Ayyer (IISc.) - Thursday, Feb 8, 2024 - 4:30 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

The next talk is by Arvind Ayyer of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The talk announcement follows. Please note that the talk is half an hour later than our usual meeting time. 

Talk Announcement: 

Title: A new combinatorial formula for the modified Macdonald polynomials
Speaker:  Arvind Ayyer (IISc, Bangalore, India)
When: Feb 8, 2024, 4:30 PM- 5:30 PM IST (Note special time) 

Where: Zoom: Please write to the organisers for the link

Macdonald polynomials are a remarkable family of symmetric
functions that are known to have connections to combinatorics, algebraic
geometry and representation theory. The modified Macdonald polynomials 
are obtained from the Macdonald polynomials using an operation called 
plethysm. A combinatorial formula for the latter was given by Haglund, 
Haiman and Loehr in a celebrated work (JAMS, 2004). We will give a new 
combinatorial formula (ALCO 2023).

Recently, a formula for the symmetric Macdonald polynomials was given by 
Corteel, Mandelshtam and Williams in terms of objects called multiline 
queues, which also compute probabilities of a statistical mechanics 
model called the multispecies ASEP on a ring. It is natural to ask 
whether the modified Macdonald polynomials can be obtained using a 
combinatorial gadget for some other statistical mechanics model. We 
answer this question in the affirmative via a multispecies totally 
asymmetric zero-range process (TAZRP) in (arXiv:2209.09859).

These are joint works with J. Martin and O. Mandelshtam.

Friday, January 19, 2024

Ramanujan Special: Frank Garvan (Florida) - Thursday, Jan 25, 2024 - 7:30 PM (IST)

 Happy new year. 

The first talk of the year (on January 25, 2023) is a ``Ramanujan Special". This year's speaker is Frank Garvan. Please note that the talk will be later than usual. A report on the activities of this seminar in 2023 appears in the SIAM newsletter OPSFNET. We hope this year is equally exciting for our group. Please consider the seminar to present your latest preprint. 

Talk Announcement: The 2024 Ramanujan Special

Title: Identities for Ramanujan's Mock Theta Functions and Dyson's Rank


Speaker: Frank Garvan (University of Florida, USA)
When: Jan 25, 2024, 7:30 PM- 8:30 PM IST (9 AM EST) (Note special time) 
(EST= IST - 10:30)
Where: Zoom: Please write to the organisers for the link.

In Ramanujan's Lost Notebook there are identities connecting Ramanujan's fifth order mock theta functions and Dyson's rank mod 5. We extend these connections to Zagier's higher order mock theta functions. We consider Dyson's problem of giving a group-theoretic structure to

the mock theta functions analogous to Hecke's theory of modular forms. From this much surprising symmetry and q-series identities arise in joint work with Rishabh Sarma and Connor Morrow.

Monday, December 4, 2023

David Bradley (Maine) - Thursday Dec 7, 2023 - 6:30 PM (IST) (NOTE. Special Time)

 Dear all,

The talk this week is by David Bradley of the University of Maine. Please note the special time. Since Professor Bradley is located in the US, we are starting later than usual. 

This will be the final talk of the year. We will come back next year with a Ramanujan special, and hope that we get an opportunity to meet in person in the upcoming conference and holiday season. We wish you happy holidays and a great new year. 

The announcement is as follows. 

Talk Announcement: 

Title:    On Fractal Subsets of Pascal's "Pyramid" and the Number of  Multinomial Coefficients Congruent to a Given Residue Modulo a Prime

Speaker: David Bradley (University of Maine, USA)

When: Thursday, Thursday Dec 7 23, 2023 - 6:30 PM (IST) (8AM EST/ 2PM (CET))

Where: Zoom: Ask the organisers for a link

We obtain an explicit formula and an asymptotic formula for the number of multinomial coefficients which are congruent to a given residue modulo a prime, and which arise in the expansion of a multinomial raised to any power less than a given power of that prime. Each such multinomial coefficient can be associated with a certain Cartesian product of intervals contained in the unit cube. For a fixed prime, the union of these products forms a set which depends on both the residue and the power of the prime. In the limit as the power of the prime increases to infinity, the sequence of unions converges in the Hausdorff metric to a non-empty compact set which is independent of the residue. We calculate the fractal dimension of this limiting set, and consider its monotonicity properties as a function of the prime.  To study the relative frequency of various residue classes in the sequence of approximating sets, it would be desirable to have a closed-form formula for the number of entries in the first p rows of Pascal’s "pyramid" which are congruent to a given nonzero residue r modulo the prime p. Unfortunately, numerical computations with large prime moduli suggests that if there is such a formula, it is extremely complicated. Nevertheless, the evidence indicates that for sufficiently large primes p, the number of binomial coefficients in Pascal's triangle which are congruent to r mod p for r = 1, 1 < r < p1, and r p1 is well approximated by the respective linear functions of p given 
by 3pp/2, and pIn particular, for large primes p there are approximately six times as many occurrences of the residue 1 in the first p rows of Pascal’s triangle reduced modulo p than there are of any other residue in the range 1 < r < p − 1, and three times as many as r p − 1. On the other hand, if we let the nonnegative integer k vary while keeping the prime p fixed, and look at the relative frequency of various residue classes that occur in the first pk rows, the seemingly substantial differences in frequency between r = 1, 1 < r < p1, and p1 when k = 1 are increasingly dissipated as k grows without bound. We show that in the limit as k tends to infinity, all nonzero residues are equally represented with asymptotic proportion 1/(p − 1).

Sunday, November 19, 2023

Sonika Dhillon (ISI, Delhi) - Thursday, Thursday Nov 23, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

The talk this week is by Sonika Dhillon, ISI, Delhi. The announcement is as follows. 

Talk Announcement: 
Title:   Linear independence of numbers
Speaker: Sonika Dhillon (ISI, Delhi)
When: Thursday, Thursday Nov 23, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST) 

Where: Zoom: Write to the organisers for the link

Let $\psi(x)$ denote the digamma function that is the logarithmic derivative of $\Gamma$ function.
In 2007, Murty and Saradha studied the linear independence of special values of  digamma function $\psi(a/q)+\gamma$ over some specific numbers fields which also imply the  non-vanishing of $L(1,f)$ for any rational-valued Dirichlet type function $f$.  In 2009, Gun, Murty and Rath studied the non-vanishing of $L'(0,f)$ for even Dirichlet-type periodic $f$ in terms of $L(1,\hat{f})$ and established that this is related to the linear independence of logarithm of gamma values.  In this direction, they made a conjecture which they call it as a variant of Rohrlich conjecture concerning the linear independence of logarithm of gamma values. In this talk, first we will discuss the  linear independence of digamma values over the field of algebraic numbers. Later, we provide counterexamples
to this variant of  Rohrlich conjecture.

Sunday, November 5, 2023

Sagar Shrivastava (TIFR, India) - Thursday, Thursday Nov 9, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

The talk in the coming week is by Sagar Shrivastava, School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR).

Talk Announcement: 
Title:   Representations, Determinants and Branching rules
Speaker: Sagar Shrivastava (TIFR, India)
When: Thursday, Thursday Nov 9, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST) 

Where: Zoom: Please write to the organisers for the link

Branching rules/laws (restriction of representations) also known as symmetry breaking in physics has been an active area of research since the onset of the topic by Herman Weyl in 1950. In this talk, I would give a brief description of Highest weight theory and the determinantal form of the Weyl character formula. I would proceed to talk about branching from $GL_n$ to $GL_{n-1}$ and give an idea about the other classical groups. 

Sunday, October 22, 2023

Seamus Albion (Vienna, Austria) - Thursday Oct 26, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

The next talk is by Seamus Albion of the University of Vienna. The announcement is as follows.

Talk Announcement: 
Title:   An elliptic $A_n$ Selberg integral
Speaker: Seamus Albion (Vienna, Austria)
When: Thursday, Thursday Oct 26, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST) (12:30 PM CEST)
Where: Zoom: Write to the organisers to get the link

Selberg's multivariate extension of the beta integral appears 
all over mathematics: in random matrix theory, analytic number theory,  multivariate orthogonal polynomials and conformal field theory. The goal of my talk will be to explain a recent unification of two important generalisations of the Selberg integral, namely the Selberg integral associated with the root system of type A_n due to Warnaar and the elliptic Selberg integral conjectured by van Diejen and Spiridonov and proved by Rains. The key tool in our approach is the ellipticinterpolation kernel, also due to Rains. This is based on joint work with Eric Rains and Ole Warnaar.

Saturday, October 7, 2023

David Wahiche (Univeriste de Tours, France) - Thursday, October 12, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

The next talk is by David Wahiche of the University of Tours, France. The title and abstract is below. 

Talk Announcement: 
Title:   From Macdonald identities to Nekrasov--Okounkov type formulas
Speaker: David Wahiche (Universite' de Tours, France)
When: Thursday, Oct 12, 2023, 4:00 PM- 5:00 PM IST 
Where: Zoom: Ask the organisers for a link


Between 2006 and 2008, using various methods coming from representation theory (Westbury), gauge theory (Nekrasov--Okounkov) and combinatorics (Han), several authors proved the so-called Nekrasov–Okounkov formula which involves hook lengths of integer partitions.

This formula does not only cover the generating series for P, but more generally gives a connection between powers of the Dedekind η function and integer partitions. Among the generalizations of the Nekrasov--Okounkov formula, a (q, t)-extension was proved by Rains and Warnaar, by using refined skew Cauchy-type identities for Macdonald polynomials. The same result was also obtained independently by Carlsson–Rodriguez-Villegas by means of vertex operators and the plethystic exponential. As mentioned in both of these papers, the special case q=t of their formula correspond to a q version of the Nekrasov--Okounkov formula, which was already obtained by Dehaye and Han (2011) and Iqbal et al. (2012).

Motivated by the work of Han et al. around the generalizations of the Nekrasov--Okounkov formula, one way of deriving Nekrasov--Okounkov formula is by using the Macdonald identities for infinite affine root systems (Macdonald 1972), which can be thought as extension of the classical Weyl denominator formula.

In this talk, I will try to explain how some reformulations of the Macdonald identities (Macdonald 1972, Stanton 1989, Rosengren and Schlosser 2006) can be decomposed in the basis of characters for each infinite of the 7 infinite affine root systems by the Littlewood decomposition. This echoes a representation theoretic interpretation of the Macdonald identities (see the book of Carter for instance) and an ongoing project with Cédric Lecouvey, I will mention some partial results we get.

At last, I will briefly explain how to go from these reformulations of Macdonald identities to q Nekrasov--Okounkov type formulas.

Monday, September 25, 2023

Seema Kushwaha (IIIT, Allahabad) - Thursday Sept 28, 2023 - 4:00 PM (IST)

Dear all, sorry for the late announcement. The next talk is by Seema Kushwaha of IIIT, Allahabad. We are back to our usual time now. Hope to see you later this week. 

Talk Announcement: 
Title:   Farey-subgraphs and Continued Fractions
Speaker: Seema Kushwaha (IIIT, Allahabad)
When: Thursday, Sept 28, 2023, 4:00 PM- 5:00 PM IST 
Where: Zoom: Please send email to the organisers for a link.

Let $p$ be a prime and $l\in\mathbb{N}$. Let \begin{equation*}\label{X_n}
\mathcal{X}_{p^l}=\left\{\frac{x}{y}:~x,y\in\mathbb{Z},~ y>0,~\mathrm{gcd}(x,y)=1~\textnormal{and}~{p^l}|y\right\}\cup\{\infty\}.
The set $\mX_{p^l}$ is the vertex set of a connected graph where vertices $x/y$ and $u/v$ are adjacent if and only if $ xv-uy=\pm p^l.$ These graphs give rise to a family of continued fraction, namely, $\f_{p^l}$-continued fractions \cite{seema_fareysubgraphs}.

  Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a  subset of the extended set of rational numbers. A {\it best $\mathcal{X}$-approximation} of a real number is a  notion which is analogous to best rational approximation. 

An element  $u/v$ of $\mX$ is called a \textit{best $\mX$-approximation} of $x\in\R$, if for every $u'/v'\in\mX$ different from $u/v$ with $0< v' \le v$, we have $|vx-u|<|v'x-u'|$.  
In  this talk, we will discuss the existence and uniqueness of $\f_{p^l}$-continued fractions and their approximation properties. 

Thursday, September 14, 2023

Shashank Kanade (University of Denver) - Thursday Sept 14, 2023 - 6:00 PM (IST)

 Dear all,

We are back after an extended summer break. I hope many of us had an opportunity to meet each other and further our research goals. 

The next talk is by Shashank Kanade, University of Denver. It is a little later in the evening from our usual time.

Talk Announcement: 

On the $A_2$ Andrews--Schilling--Warnaar identities

Speaker: Shashank Kanade (University of Denver)

When: Thursday, Sept 14, 2023, 6:00 PM- 7:00 PM IST (6:30 AM MDT)

Where: Zoom: please write to the organisers for the link

I will give a description of my work with Matthew C. Russell on the $A_2$
Andrews--Schilling--Warnaar identities. Majority of our single variable
sum=product conjectures have been proven by S. O. Warnaar; I will also
explain what remains. Bi-variate versions of our conjectures are largely open.